Churchill and de Gaulle, who were seldom in agreement, had yet a point of view quite close to the homeland of cheese. “A country capable of giving the world 360 cheeses can not die,” said Winston Churchill during the last war. General de Gaulle had followed the same formula at the time by adding 5 cheeses : “A country that produces 365 kinds of cheese can not lose the war. “And then, twenty years later, now in power, it had reduced the number and cried out :” How do you govern a country where there are 258 varieties of cheese ? “– that is to say, still several hundred…
For this, which is the number of taxes and fees, on the other hand, the debate is open, no authority, moral or professional, or administrative, civil, technical, or arbitral award, having never managed to disentangle accurately and in a compelling way the skein administrative, clutter technocratic and the yarrow tax, which hover over the heads of the French. This has the result that a mist of very dark and very thick envelope our country, a thick fog, carefully maintained by the apparatchiks of Bercy.
So, how many ? A few years ago, in 2013, the ministry of Finance admitted the tip of the lips have identified nearly 180 tax, which appeared as a clause of style. Agnès Verdier-Molinié, who heads the iFRAP, a circle of independent think tank whose main objective, with a calculator in hand, is to examine with the magnifying glass of public policy, arrives at the double : 360 taxes and income taxes, among which 192 taxes are ” low performance “. On his side, Étienne Lefebvre, editor-in-chief to the Echoes, citing ” the incredible complexity of the French tax system “, reports that ” around 450 tax systems listed as “…
Redistribution and incentives
The economic journalist François Lenglet, three years ago, in an issue of France 2, was asked the question, who upset Gilles Carrez, a member of the right who was then chair of the Finance committee of the Assembly. His answer : more than 1,000 different fees, which, for once, seems excessive. “In France – and it is a peculiarity of our country, he answered, the primary function of the tax, that is to say, to cover the public expenditure, has been lost in favour of two other functions. The first is that of redistribution : in the name of justice, the rich must pay more than the poor. The second is the ” incentive “, which is to “guide the behaviour of firms or households “in the” handling tax “. “I think we exceed the 1 000 taxes,” he said, because ” do not forget the responsibility of the local authorities, for example, the tax scanner that is very old.”
Rémi Godeau, the editor-in-chief of The Opinion, ” how not to be enraged by an accumulation of ads where it is only a question of curbing our freedoms, trim the property, impose a morality ? […] The fireworks of the samples instills the idea of puncturing back-to-solve problems, and straining to adjust, bleed to heal. “That come in a modern economy, in fact, the production charge on sugar quota, isoglucose quota and inulin syrup (sic), the tax on flour, meal and groats of common wheat, the rights of movement on the wines, ciders, pears and meads, the tax on the ski lifts, the rums, the pylons, the cross-country skiing, land, commercial, certification of a grape vine ?
Are we at this point have become addicted to fees in Bercy, where one is even able to add taxes on taxes, as is the case on fuels ? The taxes on diesel and gasoline, which already represent almost 60 % of the selling price at the pump, have been completed on the 1st of January last by a new tax of 7.6 cents per litre for diesel and 3.9 cents for gasoline, and January 1, 2019, they will still be 6.5 and 2.9 cents. How the president Macron has he been able to leave Bercy to continue his work of destruction of the country by adding, in addition to other new taxes upon his arrival at the Elysée palace, including the ridiculous tax “the cottage” on the construction of garden sheds, and unnecessary tax Gemapi, on the management of aquatic environments ?
Thierry Bin, for the Iref (Institute for research in economic and fiscal), considers that our leaders are “real obsessed tax” for whom ” any occasion is good to push a little further the cursor of the taxes that bleed the country and who, without ever reducing public spending, reducing each time the little bit of competitiveness which remains to him “. At the head of this “obsession guilty” figure, according to him, ” the ecology punitive – green black peter from the scene –, a prelude to all the excesses and all the mess “.
For the lawyer André Touboul, author of the essay The Five-Thousand. Fortune and bankruptcy of the elite French (Cherche-Midi), ” there is no reason for the bureaucrats to change their behaviour. They have, for decades, the same teachers in the same schools that remained in the economy, the so-called keynesian. […] Certainly, we hear them questioning the public expenditure, but a bit in the manner of alcoholics anonymous, without really believing. “At Bercy, bureaucrats or bourreauxcrates ?
We have heard a lot these last few weeks of the removal over time of these “small fees” that have a yield of less than 150 million euros and the cost of collection high. The budget 2019, according to iFRAP, ” had to include a first wave of deletions of small taxes to 200 million euros. He will do nothing. Only twenty will be removed in 2019 for 131 million euros.” The iFRAP has been calculated that at this rate, it would take 40 years to remove them all ! Therefore, it is not tomorrow that the number of the hundreds of varieties of taxes will decrease below that of the varieties of cheeses.
therefore, in the words of Winston Churchill, if a country ” capable of giving the world 360 cheeses can not die “, what is the duration of healthy life of a country whose leaders are capable of clubbing fiscally at this point their own fellow-citizens, which prevents them from breathing normally ? The answer to this question becomes urgent.